Cryptocurrency is a digital currency that functions as real money to be used in purchasing goods online or services in an electronic form. It is formed from two words- “crypto” means data encryption and “currency” means money used in a particular country therefore, it is used as a medium like ordinary money introduced in the digital world using encryption for security purposes. Cryptocurrencies work through Blockchain.

What is a Blockchain?

A block is an allotted digital ledger that monitors the increasing list of data blocks that contains secured transactions, especially financial transactions like Bitcoin. In other words, it is a database that records important and confidential information which makes hacking, cheating, or changing the system seem impossible. It holds transactional records at the same time ensures safety, clarity, and decentralization.

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Kinds of Cryptocurrencies:


Launched in 2009 by Satoshi Nakamoto, it is the first and the original cryptocurrency. It is up to now, the most trusted and valuable cryptocurrency. Bitcoin authorizes a person to personal transactions without involving third parties such as a bank.


It is a token applied to assist transactions on the Ethereum network. Ethereum is an open-sourced blockchain platform that enables smart functionality and other decentralized applications.


Built by Ripple, it is a digital currency based digital payments platform built for payments at low cost.

Binance Coin (BNB)

It is the type of cryptocurrency that is the cryptocurrency issued by the Binance Exchange and uses the BNB symbol for trading. It was initially from the Ethereum network but now has its blockchain, the Binance chain. It can be used as a type of currency but it can also be used as a token to pay for Binance exchange and Binance DEX (decentralized exchange)  in building applications.


It is the second-largest cryptocurrency next to Bitcoin and is considered the largest among the Altcoins. It is also known as a stablecoin which converts cash into digital currency. It is tied to national currencies such as the US dollar, the Euro, Yen, and many others.


The latest in the Altcoin industry but its value and popularity skyrocketed because of the promotion in social media by celebrities like Snoop Doggy Dogg and well-known business magnate, Elon Musk.

Pros and Cons of Cryptocurrency

The fast flourishing of the development of the industries combined with technology made digital payment seem most sought because of its convenience. However, it also has some setbacks which we have to take into account.


  1. Manageable – Since cryptocurrency is decentralized, then it is monopoly-free and cannot be governed by the government, unlike flat currencies. Moreover, it is easier to monitor one’s spending and financial concerns.
  2. Inflation resistant – The rate of the currency depended on the move of the world market, especially when there is inflation. Inflation is one big factor in the rapid decline of the currency. The cryptocurrency was noted as the world’s best hedge against rising consumer prices, simply because it is designed to have a limited supply so the government cannot lower its value.
  3. Privacy – Blockchain ledger consists of mathematical ledger making it hard to decode, thus one can assure for its security and privacy.
  4. Fast Transactions – Cryptocurrency is considered to be the quickest, the most convenient, and efficient when it comes to financial transactions (transfer of funds, money conversions) with minimal fees.


  1. Loss of Data – The user is provided with a private key to their wallet. Once they lose it, it might not be retrieved anymore and remains locked away so one can lose their coins.
  2. Illegal Transactions – It cannot be avoided that cryptocurrency can be used in some illegal matters since it is not monitored by the government.
  3. Limited availability of fiat currencies – Some cryptocurrencies can only be traded to some currencies but not to all. Users need to convert it to major cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ether before it can be converted to their desired currency. The process is not free so the user has to pay transaction fees for this.
  4. Hacks – Security of cryptocurrency is guaranteed, however, some users store their wallet ID on their computer or save it in browsing software, making it easier for hackers to use them to open accounts.
  5. No refund or cancellation policy – Here’s the big catch. If the user mistakenly sent coins to the wrong wallet, they cannot be retrieved. So one has to be careful in sending or transferring monetary transactions.

Cryptocurrency is indeed helpful to modern society. It makes life easier and more efficient. If used in the right way, I’m sure the user will benefit more from it